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Marialuisa Aliotta . - Boca Raton CRC Press, 2018
This book provides a comprehensive and coherent step-by-step guide to writing in scientific academic disciplines. It is an invaluable resource for those working on a PhD thesis, research paper, dissertation, or report. Writing these documents can be a long and arduous experience for students and their supervisors, and even for experienced researchers. However, this book can hold the key to success.
Santiago Bernal . - San Rafael, CA Morgan & Claypool Publishers, 2018
This book provides a brief exposition of the principles of beam physics and particle accelerators with an emphasis on numerical examples employing readily available computer tools. However, it avoids detailed derivations, instead inviting the reader to use general high-end languages such as Mathcad and Matlab, as well as specialized particle accelerator codes (e.g. MAD, WinAgile, Elegant, and others) to explore the principles presented. This approach allows readers to readily identify relevant design parameters and their scaling.
Saurabh Bhatia . - Bristol IOP Publishing, 2018
This book provides background information and knowledge on areas such as genes, enzymes and proteins. It is organized into these three important areas starting with the general properties, mechanisms, applications, production, immobilization, and purification of enzymes and ending with additional applications in biosensors and biotransformation reactions. Additionally, the book addresses the characteristics in genomics, genomes sequencing, comparative genomics, and genomic evolution.
Richard N Boyd, Michael A Famiano . - Bristol, UK IOP Publishing, 2018
This book discusses origins, including the Big Bang, and the origin of the elements. With a complete presentation and explanation, this book provides evidence that the molecules of life are produced in outer space and how the SNAAP model purports to explain that origin. Extremophiles, which explains that evolution is robust enough to create life forms in a wide variety of conditions, is also presented. Readable for those at the upper undergraduate level, mathematics associated with coupling the nuclear spins to the molecular chirality is discussed. An accompanied appendix is provided to support mathematics.
Shinil Cho . - San Rafael, CA, USA Morgan & Claypool Publishers, 2018
This book demonstrates Microsoft EXCEL®-based Fourier transform of selected physics examples, as well as describing spectral density of the auto-regression process in relation to Fourier transform. Rather than offering rigorous mathematics, the book provides readers with an opportunity to gain an understanding of Fourier transform through the examples. They will acquire and analyze their own data following the step-by-step procedure outlined, and a hands-on acoustic spectral analysis is suggested as the ideal long-term student project.
Sujaul Chowdhury, Ponkog Kumar Das and Syed Badiuzzaman Faruque . - San Rafael, CA, USA Morgan & Claypool Publishers, 2018
The book contains an extensive illustration of use of finite difference method in solving the boundary value problem numerically. A wide class of differential equations has been numerically solved in this book. Mathematica 6.0 has been used to solve the system of linear equations that we encountered and to plot the numerical data. Comparison with known analytic solutions showed nearly perfect agreement in every case. On reading this book, readers will become adept in using the method.
Hans Joachim Eichler, Jürgen Eichler, Oliver Lux . - Cham : Springer, 2018
• Presents a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art in gas solid state and diode lasers including high power lasers • Covers basics, components, and applications • Highlights potential areas for further development
Allan Franklin . - San Rafael, CA Morgan & Claypool Publishers, 2018
Replication, the independent confirmation of experimental results and conclusions, is regarded as the ’gold standard’ in science. This book examines the question of successful or failed replications and demonstrates that that question is not always easy to answer. It presents clear examples of successful replications, the discoveries of the Higgs boson and of gravity waves. Failed replications include early experiments on the Fifth Force, a proposed modification of Newton’s Law of universal gravitation, and the measurements of ’G’, the constant in that law. Other case studies illustrate some of the difficulties and complexities in deciding whether a replication is successful or failed.
Michael Grabe . - San Rafael, CA, USA Morgan & Claypool Publishers, 2018
Metrological data is known to be blurred by the imperfections of the measuring process. This book discusses a new error concept dispensing with the common practice to randomize unknown systematic errors. Instead, unknown systematic errors will be treated as what they physically are—namely as constants being unknown with respect to magnitude and sign. The ideas considered in this book issue a proceeding steadily localizing the true values of the measurands and consequently traceability.
Sharon Ann Holgate . - Bristol IOP Publishing, 2018
This book explores the physics and technology inherent to preserving and restoring old forms of transport as well as creating modern transport for today and for our future needs. This book provides readers with interesting insight into some of the diverse applications for physics outside of research laboratories. It also covers several different aspects of transport, ranging from the restoration of vintage buses to the materials used in the latest supercars.
Masatoshi Kajita . - Bristol, UK IOP Publishing, 2018
In this fascinating book Masatoshi Kajita recounts the importance of precise measurements and their inherent uncertainty, before telling the story of humankind’s efforts to define and measure time with increasing accuracy, culminating in the development of atomic clocks. These improvements in the accurate measurement of time and frequency have played a pivotal role in the development of modern science; including the confirmation of Einstein’s Theory of Relativity, and the recent detection of gravity waves.
edited by Eugene Kamenetskii, Almas Sadreev, Andrey Miroshnichenko . - Cham : Springer, 2018
• Presents the fundamental physics of Fano resonances together with basic engineering problems • Discusses the interference phenomenon with respect to wave phenomena • Explains bound states related to a continuum • Outlines the application of the Fano effect in biology
von Harald Klingbeil . - Berlin : Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2018
• Stellt fortgeschrittene Themen der Elektrodynamik präzise und verständlich dar • Eignet sich besonders auch für Studierende der Physik, Elektrotechnik und Informationstechnik • Enthält zahlreiche Übungsaufgaben mit ausführlichen Musterlösungen
von Peter Knabner, Wolf Barth . - Berlin : Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2018
• Stellt die Lineare Algebra in der Angewandten Mathematik umfassend aber verständlich dar • Wird durch ein ausführlichen Übungs- und Lösungsbuch ergänzt • Richtet sich an Mathematiker und Nichtmathematiker gleichermaßen
von Bruno P. Kremer, Horst Bannwarth . - Berlin : Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2018
• Erklärt den Stoff für die laborpraktischen Ausbildungsphasen zum Studienbeginn • Ist das einzige Buch auf Anfängerniveau zu diesem Thema auf dem Markt • Die Leser erlernen leicht und effizient alle wichtigen Labormethoden • Enthält grundlegende Sicherheitsaspekte in allen relevanten Kapiteln • Enthält die neuen Gefahrstoffsymbole nach GHS
von Michael Lersow . - Berlin : Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2018
• Gibt eine detaillierte Übersicht über die verschiedenen Arten radioaktiver Abfälle • Vermittelt wichtiges Wissen über Endlager und ihre Sicherheit • Diskutiert die Problematik der Endlagerung radioaktiver Abfälle
Anhu Li . - Bei Anhu Lijing National Defense Industry Press, 2018
• Systematically describes the multi-mode scanning principle and technology using double Risley prisms • Focuses on double Risley-prism multi-mode scanning models, methods and key techniques applied in multi-mode optical scanning and target tracking fields • Presents the latest research results of double-prism systems • Features rigorous theoretical derivations to clarify the scanning theory, illustrated with typical examples and original scanning equipment
Baojiu Li . - Bristol, UK IOP Publishing, 2018
This book will explore alternative cosmological models and how we can learn from these as well as differentiate them from the standard cosmic model. It will also cover the ways in which techniques can be used to accurately develop and test the model to produce new observations. This self-contained book will be a fundamental guide to researchers looking to enter the field of cosmological simulations. It will also be a useful guide for postgraduate students and with an increase in astronomical surveys, the need for numerical simulations is becoming increasingly valuable.
edited by Jian Liu . - Bristol, UK IOP Publishing, 2018
Composed by a specialist in the field, this book discusses the importance of the elliptical mirror, the third solution in far field optical imaging after parabolic reflectors and lenses for which apodization factors were established in 1921 and 1959 respectively. This detailed and highly insightful book will be an important insight into a growing subject area that will benefit PhD students, optical physicists, metrologists and researchers who have an interest in the ever-growing science of optics. The book discusses the original concept of elliptical mirrors and gives a fundamental and comprehensive theory behind them and their functions.
Davide Marenduzzo . - Bristol, UK IOP Publishing, 2018
A liver and a brain cell contain exactly the same genetic material, as they come from the same egg cell, yet they work very differently, because the patterns of genes that are on and off in the two is completely distinct. How is this at all possible? Biophysicists have found general principles that are beginning to answer these and similar questions. In this ebook we explore some of these principles, and describe a selection of topics where physicists have contributed to our current understanding of DNA and chromosomes.
Keye Martin . - San Rafael, CA, USA Morgan & Claypool Publishers, 2018
Domain theory, a subject that arose as a response to natural concerns in the semantics of computation, studies ordered sets which possess an unusual amount of mathematical structure. This book explores its connection with quantum information science and the concept that relates them: disorder.
von Dieter Mergel . - Berlin : Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2018
• Löst Aufgaben der Physik mit Visual Basic und MS-Excel • Motiviert durch die gleichzeitige Physik, Mathematik und Programmierung • Beinhaltet unter anderem die Themengebiete Elektromagnetismus, Statistische Mechanik und Quantenmechanik • Unterstützt Studierende beim Einstieg in die Computational Physics
Claudia Tanja Mierke . - Bristol, UK IOP Publishing, 2018
This revised second edition is improved linguistically with multiple increases of the number of figures and the inclusion of several novel chapters such as actin filaments during matrix invasion, microtubuli during migration and matrix invasion, nuclear deformability during migration and matrix invasion, and the active role of the tumor stroma in regulating cell invasion.
Claudia Tanja Mierke . - Bristol, UK IOP Publishing, 2018
This completely revised second edition is improved linguistically with multiple increases of the number of figures and the inclusion of several novel chapters such as actin filaments during matrix invasion, microtubuli during migration and matrix invasion, nuclear deformability during migration and matrix invasion, and the active role of the tumor stroma in regulating cell invasion.
Syed H Murshid . - San Rafael, CA, USA Morgan & Claypool Publishers, 2018
This book begins with the history and fundamentals of optical fiber communications. Then, briefly introduces existing optical multiplexing techniques and finally focuses on spatial domain multiplexing (SDM), aka space division multiplexing, and orbital angular momentum of photon based multiplexing. These are two emerging multiplexing techniques that have added two new degrees of photon freedom to optical fibers.
von Wolfgang Nolting . - Berlin : Springer Spektrum, 2018
• Liefert das mathematische Rüstzeug gleich mit • Enthält zahlreiche Aufgaben mit ausführlichen Lösungen • Hervorragend geeignet für den Bachelor-Studiengang
Benjamin Outram . - Bristol, UK IOP Publishing, 2018
This book takes you on a photographic journey through the science of liquid crystals. By the end you’ll be familiar with what they are, how they form and their role in producing the complexity of life on Earth. Presented in non-technical language, without any mathematics, this accessible text looks at spider webs, silk, display technology, lasers, dyes, detergents, DNA, cell membranes, drug delivery mechanisms, anaesthesia and optical computing.
Simon Portegies Zwart, Steve McMillan . - Bristol, UK IOP Publishing, 2018
In this book the authors outline the fundamentals for computational astrophysics, focusing on the use of the Astronomical Multipurpose Software Environment (AMUSE), which is a general-purpose simulation environment in astrophysics written in Python. AMUSE allows you to combine existing solvers to build new applications that can be combined again to study gradually more complex situations. This enables the growth of multi-physics and multi-scale application software in a hierarchical fashion, testing each intermediate step as the complexity of the software continues to increase.
Joel L. Schiff . - San Rafael, CA, USA Morgan & Claypool Publishers, 2018
Prior to the 1920s it was generally thought, with a few exceptions, that our galaxy, the Milky Way, was the entire Universe. Based on the work of Henrietta Leavitt with Cepheid variables, astronomer Edwin Hubble was able to determine that the Andromeda Galaxy and others had to lie outside our own. Moreover, based on the work of Vesto Slipher, involving the redshifts of these galaxies, Hubble was able to determine that the Universe was not static, as had been previously thought, but expanding.
Stephan Schlamminger . - Bristol, UK IOP Publishing, 2018
The International System of Units (SI) provides a widely used coherent framework of units. While the present SI is fit for purpose for all measurements, it has several shortcomings. Most notably, the kilogram is defined via an artifact that limits its realization to a specific place and certain times. To solve this problem and to take advantage of advances in quantum metrology made in the last 50 years, a revision of the SI is planned. This revision will modify the foundation of the SI from base units to fundamental constants of nature. While the revision presents a huge shift in philosophy, the size of the units will not change, and hence the revision will go mostly unnoticed.
herausgegeben von Wolfgang Schlegel, Christian P. Karger, Oliver Jäkel . - Berlin : Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2018
• Bietet eine ausführliche und aktuelle Darstellung der wichtigsten Gebiete der Medizinischen Physik • Unterstützt Studierende, Doktoranden und Forscher beim Einstieg in das Thema • Verfasst von führenden Wissenschaftlern aus dem deutschsprachigen Raum
Markus Werner Sigrist . - Berlin : Springer Spektrum, 2018
• Bietet eine aktuelle Einführung in die Grundlagen und Anwendungen von Lasern • Geeignet für Studierende der Physik und Ingenieurwissenschaften • Liefert eine Übersicht über Lasertypen und deren Anwendung in Medizin und Technik
K Srinivasa Rao, Vasudevan Lakshminarayanan . - Bristol, UK IOP Publishing, 2018
In nine comprehensive chapters, Dr. Rao and Dr. Lakshminarayanan present a unified approach to the study of special functions of mathematics using Group theory. The book offers fresh insight into various aspects of special functions and their relationship, utilizing transformations and group theory and their applications. It will lay the foundation for deeper understanding by both experienced researchers and novice students.
David L Stocum . - Bristol, UK IOP Publishing, 2018
This book introduces the essentials of regenerative biology and medicine to advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students, as well as students and professionals outside the field who need (and want) an introduction to the subject. This relatively short ten chapter book can be read in one semester and delivers the essential framework to understand the biological aspects of different mechanisms of regeneration and the therapeutic strategies that have emerged from this biology.
von Rudolf Taschner . - Wiesbaden : Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, 2018
• Einblick in die konstruktive Mathematik • Unkonventioneller Zugang, gut erklärt mit zahlreichen Beispielen und Bildern • Für Studierende der Mathematik, die den Anfängerkurs Analysis absolviert haben und mehr über die wesentlichen Details der zugrunde liegenden Konzepte wissen wollen
Frederick Thomas, Robert Chaney and Richard Tseng . - San Rafael, CA Morgan & Claypool Publishers, 2018
This book is a concise introduction to the interactions between earthquakes and human-built structures (buildings, dams, bridges, power plants, pipelines and more). It focuses on the ways in which these interactions illustrate the application of basic physics principles and concepts, including inertia, force, shear, energy, acceleration, elasticity, friction and stability.
Stephan Wieneke, Christoph Gerhard . - Bristol, UK IOP Publishing, 2018
This book provides an overview on medical lasers and laser systems as well as laser applications in medical diagnosis and therapy. Since it was written by physicists, it focusses on the physics and underlying mechanisms of laser diagnosis and therapy and thus initially covers the basics of laser light generation, a selection of the most important laser types and systems commonly used in medicine, and the principles of laser light guidance. The book should be used as a textbook for lectures, practice lessons and for the preparation of exams and addresses students, lecturers, and researchers.
Robert Williams . - Bristol IOP Publishing, 2018
This book describes a watershed event in the history of astronomy, in addition to recounting the development of space astronomy. Aimed at a wide-ranging audience including amateur astronomers, science historians, researchers, Hubble Space Telescope (HST) aficionados and students interested in science, this book recounts the progression of events that led to the deep field exploration of Robert Williams and the Hubble Deep Field (HDF) team.
Badis Ydri . - Bristol, UK IOP Publishing, 2018
Beginning with a systematic review of the standard exposition of string theory, which is required for a proper understanding of matrix models of string theory, this book proceeds to provide a comprehensive presentation of matrix models of string theory and their areas of applications. Supplemented with exercises and an appendix on Monte Carlo algorithms and methods used for matrix models of string theory this work provides both a valuable self-study guide for postgraduate students and a comprehensive review and reference guide for researchers.
von Wolfgang Zeuge . - Wiesbaden : Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, 2018
• Schöne Resultate der klassischen Geometrie anschaulich aufbereitet, eine wichtige Ergänzung zum Schulstoff • Ein einfacher, schneller Zugang zur Geometrie • Auch für Vor- und Brückenkurse und für Lehramtsstudierende geeignet
Ulrich Zürcher . - San Rafael, CA Morgan & Claypool Publishers, 2018
Electrostatic forces are essential for the hierarchical structure of matte. Small residual electrostatic forces between molecules allow them to form macroscopic structures such as crystals. Electrostatic interactions explain pseudo-forces used in popular computer programs used to model the properties of atoms, molecules, and prot